In 338 BCE a battle took place to decide the fate, not only of Greece, but of Western civilisation (although no-one at the time could possibly understand the implications). It was the Battle of Chaeronea, fought between Philip II of Macedon and his son Alexander, then only 18 years old, against a coalition of Greek city-states lead by Athens and Thebes.

The battle itself involved around 60,000 infantry and 6,000 cavalry fairly evenly divided between the two sides – but what wasn't evenly divided was the level of experience and discipline and that was demonstrated very clearly.

After a clear victory for Macedonia, the era of the independent Greek polis vanished FOREVER. Democracy was replaced by a united Greek kingdom under the hegemony of Philip… and, within a few years, his son Alexander would assume the reins.


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The Music: We want to get down on our knees and worship the amazing and talented composer who offered us the use of one of his amazing tracks, “Hero”, as our theme music: Jofre Horta. He's already a big deal in the composing world but he's going to be even bigger – and you can say you heard him first on our little show! Listen to his whole album on Spotify or iTunes.